Ques : Security Measures and solutions

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  Access security- By restricting access of users who have been granted access to information, thereby results in monitoring who all have access to a particular data. Therefore, in cases of data theft, sifting through the timelines of access granted to users can be easier to track down the culprit.

 Data encryption- Data when kept unencrypted leads to misuse of personal data by cybercriminals. Therefore, data has to be encrypted by usage of unique encryption codes, so as to avoid leakage of vital information stored in databases. When data has been encrypted and only the user has access to such a data has the decryption code, results in prevention of data theft.

 Email security-It is a form of procedure to protect an email account and the contents on an email account from unauthorized access. Therefore, measures like strong email passwords, end-to-end encryption of emails or messages that are sent from one person to another result in prevention of misuse of data, as emails are a popular forum for hackers to spread malware, spam and phishing attacks. For example- end-to-end encryption used
by WhatsApp.

 Risk-assessment analysis- Organizations have to take a proactive approach while dealing with information security concerns. The main of conducting a risk assessment is to identify the risks pertaining to information stored in an organizations system. By conducting risk assessment analysis, an organization can understand and assess internal and external risks to their security, confidentiality and personal information stored in various storage media like laptops and portable devices.

 Monitor effectiveness- It is critical for an organization to verify security programs established and to establish if such security programs manage cyber security measures implemented for safeguarding an organization’s information or data. This is done through regular tests and monitoring of information security programs annually or
quarterly helps to assess the number of attacks made to an organizations data.

 Third party issues- Website’s play a major role while showcasing an organization’s success. Therefore, they implement third party tools to make their websites’ more interactive and user-friendly and offer smooth connectivity for user interaction. These third-party tools help in generating revenue for an organization’s website. Therefore, an
organization has to undertake to ensure that all reasonable steps have been taken prior to giving access to third party service providers and that such third-party service providers apply the stringiest security measures.

 Strong firewall- Firewall of a system is part of such system’s cyber security measure. A firewall enables to protect a system from internet traffic and services it is exposed to. These services are accessed by everyone who uses an internet. Therefore, firewalls enable to control who gains access to an organization’s system like insider attacks which may originate from within a network used by an organization. Antiviruses are for files and firewalls are needed to protect from unauthorized access or usage of network. A firewall simply helps to control Internet traffic that is generated by using a network for work.

 Antivirus protection- An antivirus protection can be gained in the form of antivirus software. This software is a program designed to avoid, detect and deal with cyber security threats that an organization may face. The process of an antivirus is to run background scans on a system to detect and restrict unauthorized access in the forms of malware and to protect a system from vulnerabilities it may face. These solutions are extremely important for data security and must be installed on computer systems. These antivirus protections are available not only for laptops and computers but also for mobile devices and help to fight unwanted threats to files and data.

 Back-up regularly- A data security is meant for protecting information stored on a system from unauthorized access, destruction of such information and includes network security. Therefore, to avoid loss of data, data should be regularly be stored and kept somewhere safe where it cannot be accessed or violated by anyone. Further, the securing
of such data helps in preventing accidental modification to data, theft of data, breach of confidentiality agreements and avoid release of data prior to its verification and authentication.

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