. What do you understand by commerce? Briefly explain the classification of commerce with suitable examples

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 Commerce refers to the exchange of goods and services between producers and consumers. It involves various activities related to the buying and selling of goods and services, including the transfer of money and goods, negotiations, and facilitating these transactions. Commerce plays a crucial role in the economic development of a country by ensuring the smooth flow of products and services in the market.

Commerce can be classified into several categories based on the nature of transactions and the parties involved:

1. Trade Trade involves the buying and selling of goods and services. It can further be classified into two types:

   - Internal Trade: This refers to trade that occurs within the geographical boundaries of a country. For example, a retailer selling electronics to local consumers in a city.

   - International Trade Also known as foreign trade, it involves the exchange of goods and services between countries. For instance, a company in India exporting software services to clients in the United States.

2. Auxiliaries to Trade: These activities facilitate trade transactions. They include services like transportation, banking, insurance, warehousing, and advertising. For example, a shipping company transporting goods from one country to another is an auxiliary to trade.

3. Aids to Trade: These are the supportive services that help in the smooth conduct of trade. They include services like communication, information technology, and trade fairs. For instance, online platforms that connect buyers and sellers, enabling them to negotiate and finalize deals.

Understanding these classifications is essential for businesses and policymakers as it provides insights into the various aspects of commerce, enabling them to make informed decisions and contribute to economic growth and development.

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